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Pulpal Therapy for Primary and Young Teeth

The pulp is the hollow inner core of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells (see Figure 1). In children, dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the two main indications for pulpal therapy (also known as -paediatric root canal,- -pulpotomy- or -pulpectomy-). The primary objective of pulpal therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of the teeth and supporting tissues; thus, its treatment objective is to maintain the vitality of the pulp of a tooth affected by caries or traumatic injury.

In young permanent teeth with immature roots, the pulp is important for the continuation of apexogenesis (the continuation of the closure of the tip of the root, or apex, as the child gets older). Long-term retention of a permanent tooth requires a root with a favourable crown/root ratio and dentinal walls that are thick enough to withstand normal function. Therefore, pulp preservation is the primary goal for the treatment of young permanent dentition. A tooth without a vital pulp, however, can still remain clinically functional.

The vitality of the pulp is the most important focus of a dental examination and check-up because it is the basis of the indications, objectives and type of pulpal therapy that will be used. The pulp may be classified as normal (i.e., symptom free and with normal response to vitality testing), with reversible pulpitis (i.e., the pulp is capable of healing), with symptomatic or asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (i.e., vital inflamed pulp is incapable of healing), or necrotic pulp.

The clinical diagnosis is derived from a comprehensive review of the medical and dental history, including current symptoms and chief complaint; subjective evaluation of the area associated with the current symptoms/chief complaint, which is accomplished by questioning the child and parent(s) on the location, intensity, duration, stimulus, relief and spontaneity of pain;

objective extraoral examination and intraoral soft and hard tissue examination; radiograph(s) to diagnose pulpitis or necrosis showing the involved tooth, furcation, periapical area and the surrounding bone; and clinical tests such as palpation, percussion and mobility.

A treatment plan should include the following:

1. The patient’s medical history

2. The value of each involved tooth in relation to the child’s overall development

3. Alternatives to pulp treatment

4. Restorability of the tooth.

For more information please visit: e-deneducation Dental Courses

Karen McDonagh is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Dental Courses. She is passionate for Dental Education Professional and always looking for better ways to educate people.

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What are the best meditation cd’s for guided meditation

Learning how to meditate using guided meditation cd’s is an option that appeals to many meditation beginners. The question is most often asked “What are the best meditation cd’s for guided meditation?” Many meditation cd’s explore a number of different guided meditation and relaxation techniques for many goals. Fortunately, the best meditation cd’s for guided meditation are readily available to the beginning meditation practitioner and very advanced technology to teach beginners how to meditate.

Learning how to meditate can improve and create a unique ability of internal observation. This ability to be an internal observer will help you notice certain body reactions such as tenseness and clenching of your jaw when you feel anxiety and stress. Once this behavior has been observed, and you’ve determined that it is not desirable, you can release the tension.

Let’s explore a few of what are widely recognized as some of the best meditation cd’s for guided meditation for beginners.

Monroe’s Hemi-Sync Gateway Experience Waves

Hemi-sync Meditation CD’s are a popular series of audible guided meditation aids for the beginning practitioner. There is a small field of meditation technology to show you what meditation feels like. Many people agree that in just a short time, levels of success can be achieved with meditation that would typically take months.

The term hemisync simply means hemispheric synchronization. Within this process your brainwaves are synched allowing you to enter a whole brain wave state. There have been many reputable studies published that have proven this is an optimal ‘way of being’ for your brain. The Hemi-sync Gateway Waves are widely considered one of the best meditation cd’s aimed toward beginners.

Experience Meditation Today

This series of cds take a somewhat different approach than others using a calm, passive way to learn how to meditate. The process they use is called hemispheric synchronization that helps both sides of the brain synchronize with the other. The music these cd’s play create relaxing white noise, and in the background you hear calming tones that are heard by the brain. Those tones or hums then create a third tone that naturally guides you to a meditative state. They are considered amongst the best meditation cd’s for guided meditation along with the Hemi-Sync Gateway Waves.

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Vitamins for hair loss which you need for hair growth

Hair loss is an inevitable condition that one has to face atleast once in his lifetime. Research has proved that there is a strong connection between healthy hair and a healthy body. That is why when we fall sick it affects our hair too. Nutrients in blood nourish the hair follicles. If hair follicles become weak, hair loses its grip or hold and results into hair fall. These nutrients are vitamins and without vitamins, hair does not become healthy crop.

Remember; when we are sick, vitamins are absorbed from the hair by the body which results in hair loss. A healthy diet can provide all the essential vitamins to hair. So it is essential to incorporate certain foods in your daily intake. The essential vitamins and their sources are:

?Vitamin A: it is an antioxidant which aids in the production of sebum on the scalp. It is found in fish liver oil, milk, cheese, meat, eggs, broccoli, spinach, cabbage, apricots, peaches, and carrots. ?Vitamin C: it promotes the maintenance of healthy skin and hair. It is found in citrus fruits, strawberries, pineapples, tomatoes, kiwi fruit, green peppers, potatoes, and dark green vegetables. ?Vitamin E: It aids in circulation of blood in the scalp. Rich sources of Vitamin E are wheat germ oil, soybeans, cold pressed vegetable oils, raw seeds and nuts, green leafy vegetables, and dried beans. ?Biotin: also known as Vitamin H, promotes production of keratin, most imp part of hair. It enhances hair follicles and promotes hair growth. It is commonly found in whole grains, egg yolks, liver, kidney, rice, milk, and brewer’s yeast. ?Inositol: it is essential for keeping hair follicles healthy. Main sources of Inositol are liver, citrus fruits, brewer’s yeast, and whole grains. ?Niacin or Vitamin B3: It promotes blood circulation to the scalp. Sources are fish, chicken, meat, pork, prawns, almonds, peas, beans, tomatoes, wheat products, green vegetables, turnips, carrots, milk and celery. ?Pantothenic acid or Vitamin B5: Sources are mushrooms, poultry, fish, brewer’s yeast, whole-grain breads, whole grain cereals, legumes, avocados, nuts, cheese, potatoes, egg yolk, milk, and bananas. It prevents hair loss and graying of hair. ?Vitamin B6: Excellent sources for Vit B6 (responsible for the hair color) are spinach and bell peppers. Other sources are whole grain cereals, egg yolk and vegetables. ?Vitamin B12: It prevents hair loss and found in chicken, egg, fish and milk.

Author Bio:

Nutrition is essential for healthy hair. And healthy hair need right vitamins and minerals. Any nutritional deficiency can result in hair loss and un-healthy hair growth. Vitamins promote healthy hair growth by rejuvenating damaged hair follicles and heal dried out hair. Visit: . Please add your inputs on Natural Hair Growth Blog.

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Different Ways Yoga Can Help With Your Back Pain

Certainly, back pain is among the most common complaints in America. The pain may range from moderate to severe. If you are among those suffering from this pain, you will definitely want to try anything possible to make it go away. An excellent idea you may not have thought of before is yoga retreats. Medical experts agree that certain yoga poses do ease back pain. Here are some of the top yoga poses that you will find relieving the next time you are in a yoga center:

Child’s pose – This is the most basic pose in any form of yoga, yet goes a long way in easing your back pain. To get to this pose, get into plank position then slowly go back until your chest is on top of your lap. Stay there for a few minutes. To feel even better, try the pose with the knees open but bring them together at the end. Breathe slowly as you go into these pose.

Fists forward bend – To get into this position, you need to stand on your yoga mat with your feet hip distance apart. Release the torso over your head as you bend the knees until your thighs are touching with your belly. Make two fists then place them on each elbow. Keep your head, neck and back relaxed. Take 10 breathes before releasing.

Back traction pose – For this move, you will require a yoga block. Lie on your back with your knees bent and the feet under them. Lift your hips from the ground and place your yoga block at the center of the hips. Once your hips are on the block, walk the feet wide and then knock the knees inwards for a minute.

Wall plank – This is among the easiest moves to do. Just stand near your wall and from your shoulders reach forward then plant your palms on the wall. Your fingers should be wide and the middle one should be pointing direct to the ceiling. Slowly walk the legs back until you come to an L position.

Pigeon pose – This is a little complicated but you can do it. Bring your knee behind your right twist from down. Stretch your left leg out behind you while your knee is on top of your foot facing your floor.

Downward-facing dog – If you learn to do this pose correctly, it can be a miracle to your back pain. Start in plank position then lift your arms and hips up until you can do an inverted V-shape position. Stay here for a few minutes.

To know more about Yoga Retreat Ashtanga and Siddhi Yoga Academy, please visit our website.

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Reform Your Own Healthcare

While our Supreme Court Justices debate the constitutionality of Obamacare, our country isn’t getting any healthier. It is important to remember that whether it passes or not, this healthcare law will not make us healthier as individuals or a country. This bill is about how much money healthcare costs and how to lower the cost of care. What we really need is a proactive approach to healthcare that makes us a healthier people and therefore helps us to save money on healthcare costs.

One of the biggest reasons for individuals and families claiming bankruptcy is the cost of medical care. As is well documented, the cost of medical care is getting more expensive. In 2009, healthcare costs were 17.3% of our gross domestic product. By 2017, it is estimated that more than 21 cents of every dollar spent in this country will be on healthcare. On an individual level, healthcare costs an average of $1,500 more for an obese person than that of a person maintaining a healthy weight. If we have learned anything from families, it is that medical costs will bankrupt you as it overtakes your ability to cover other expenses. Eventually, medical costs will bankrupt the good old USA if we don’t do something about it.

Fortunately, there is a major bright spot. Obesity, which is responsible for increasing a lot of risk factors for certain diseases is preventable in most cases. Approximately 80% of obesity related illnesses are preventable simply by diet and exercise and living a generally healthy lifestyle. Thus, if individuals learn how to make smarter health and fitness choices, we can start saving our healthcare dollars for those people who really need it. Those individuals whereby diet and exercise alone cannot help themselves. Thus lowering our overall healthcare expense.

How does someone make the change for themselves? Get connected with an fitness or nutritional expert. Learn what works best for your body and lifestyle. In my utopian world, a site like NeighborhoodTrainer.com can help people realize that personal trainers, Pilates and yoga instructors, nutritionists, and health coaches are accessible anywhere and ready to work with people with all different types of issues and goals. Your success is their success. Now that is a much better way to spend money on healthcare and get an incredible return on your investment.

Remember to see your doctor for a complete checkup before starting any physical fitness or weight training program,. A complete annual physical should be a part of everyones wellness plan. This simple visit to your doctor can help stave off chronic or serious health problems from developing. This is especially important if you will be working out when you are alone. If you are at risk for any health problems, you will want to know before you get started. Plus, this will give you a great picture of your current state of health so your can compare later on for results.

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Hospital Buying Patterns For Small Businesses

Another area of preparation before a small business begins selling to hospitals, is the understanding of the buying patterns of hospitals. There are two major budgets that a health care facility purchases products and services from.

The first is the hospital’s capital budget. Usually this is for large purchases with a formal sequence of budget creation, submittals, approvals and ultimately allocation of funds. The money is allocated around the facilities fiscal year which needs to be determined during a small businesses investigation. The fiscal year often does not mirror the calendar year. For example, it could be September to October or July to June.

This knowledge of the hospital’s fiscal year is critical is timing the marketing messages to insure that the small business is a vendor contacted during the budget creation time frame prior to their submittals to executive management approval. A downside to this is that there are usually a minimum of three vendors required by the by laws of the hospital to submit bids, which is by definition a competitive environment.

Next is the facilities operating budget. Hospitals use these fund for expenses occurred to keep operating and in compliance throughout the year. A small business who has creatively developed a low front end product to penetrate an account will be successful in getting in the door as a new vendor through the operating budget. This avoids the long sales cycle of capital approval and more formal sales process which small companies tend to be less likely to win.

There are other factors that come into play when ascertaining a hospitals buying pattern, such as purchasing group contracts or current agreements with present vendors. Some facilities that are under contract with a Group Purchasing Organization (GPO) are required to purchase a certain percentage of their products and services with vendors that are under contract with the GPO as well. A quick inquiry to the purchasing department of the facility should suffice in finding this out so the correct approach to acquiring the account can be implemented.

Small businesses will have to participate in the capital budget process, but if it can be avoided by securing jobs through less competitive operating budgets then do so.

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Robotics In Health Care

We havent quite reached the Jetson age of personal robots to do all of our work around the house. There are still quite a few developments in robotics, however, that affect humans in our day to day lives, although we might not recognize them as such. The robots in real life are not generally manufactured to look like people, but they nevertheless carry out many functions that would be dangerous or difficult for a human to do.

One area where the use of robotics has advanced considerably is that of healthcare. Robotics are now used in many areas of healthcare, including surgery, home care, and hospital processes.

In surgery, the advancement of robotics has made the surgical process easier on both the patient and the surgeon. Robotic intelligence and precision have combined to eliminate human limitations. Robotic surgery allows a surgeon to navigate to the area of operation with minimal cutting, ensuring both a less invasive procedure and a faster recuperation time. Robotic surgery also allows for more precise placement of tools within the surgical area, minimizing the risks of slippage or error.

In home healthcare, the current focus is largely on human labor. The aging population of baby boomers has already put a strain on the home health care situation which is only going to increase in the next ten to twenty years. Already, many home health care providers are feeling the strain of an industry that is increasingly becoming an employees market, where the supply of qualified health providers simply does not meet the demand.

In order to fill this void, there are many research projects underway in the field of home health care robotics. Some of the areas include telenursing for those in need of remote home care, mobile health status monitoring, home health diagnosis equipment, mobility assistance for bedridden patients, and auditory and visual assistance for the elderly (). The completion and implementation of these ideas will revolutionize the home health care industry, both in terms of individual capacity and in expense.

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Effective Ways To Create The Perfect Clean Medical Supplies In The Hospital

It is important to keep the germ-free and safe medical equipment in the hospital. The equipment should get the right sterilization to get the best hygienist medical supply to secure the health of the patients. However, you could apply many techniques to sterilize and disinfect the medical equipment in your hospital.

You could use the effective ways to create the perfect clean medical supplies in the hospital. Ultraviolet-light exposure is popular as the great solution to get the sterile tools in the clinic or hospital. The antibacterial soap would also really efficient to save the medical supplies from any germs. Thus, you would need to know the way to apply some useful techniques to make your equipment safe from some dangerous germs.

1. The first step starts to the easiest way to clean the medical tools from dust, blood, soil or dirt. Using hot water with antibacterial soap would be really efficient to eliminate some organics that might cause infectious microbes.

2. Applying many kinds of disinfecting agent to sterilize the tools on the hospital is also the effective solution. You could use the low-level disinfectants up to the high-level one. If the type of the microorganism on the equipment is not too dangerous, you only need to rub alcohol as the favorite mid-level disinfected solution to save the instruments. Also, you would really need to apply kind of high-level disinfectant to destroy the dangerous microbial life in the medical supplies.

3. The most crucial part of the medical tools in the hospital is the instrument that absolutely requires the perfect sterilization. This instrument has the direct contact with the blood of the patients or the mucous membranes. You should apply the effective sterilization process to eliminate all dangerous microbial life on the instruments.

The certain period to dry heat the instrument is also required. Thus, the use of a chemical sterilizer and a pressurized steam bath is recommended to make the perfect sterilization.

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Telemedicine Plays A Vital Role In Healthcare Delivery For Oil Rig Workers

The warning today by the Health and Safety Executive that firms in the North Sea oil and gas industry must improve their safety records is timely.

Although it was not in the North Sea, the disaster on the Deepwater Horizon platform in the Gulf of Mexico in which 11 workers died was a stark reminder of the need for constant vigilance over rig safety. Hazards are ever present offshore and workers on even the safest offshore rigs are susceptible to injuries and high rates of respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

Remote specialist advice via videoconferencing improves the quality of offshore healthcare and reduces avoidable medical evacuations. A 50-mile medevac by helicopter can cost 5,000-10,000, so telemedicine with remote monitoring and diagnostic equipment is becoming the preferred option now that drilling rigs and oil platforms are equipped with Internet and satellite connections.

Modern collaboration technology brings the specialist to the patient without the need to be transported onshore. With the help of video consultation and integration with medical diagnosis equipment, medical specialists can conduct remote consultations using state-of-the-art video communications. This allows them to make an accurate diagnosis with the aid of the nurse or emergency medical technician based offshore.

On-the-spot diagnosis, not a replacement for healthcare professionals

Transmission of crystal-clear images and perfect sound gives the doctor the sense of being in the same room as the patient – but only just. Technology cannot transmit sensory perceptions and cannot therefore replace healthcare professionals who physically attends to the patient; however, what it can do is extend the physicians judgement to the remote location and bring doctors and other medical specialists ‘into the room’ when required.

Remote monitoring aid aboard offshore oil rigs

The relentless pursuit for high safety standards is paramount; the challenge to improve safety will be even greater as HSE decision makers are looking to create a healthier and more productive workforce. Timely access to quality patient healthcare is becoming more logistically challenging and expensive, but visual collaboration and the integration with remote medical diagnosis equipment makes sense…. it’s as simple as that!

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The Importance Of Neonatal Nursing In Hospitals With Neonatal Intensive Care Units

Nurses assigned to hospital maternity wards, nurseries, or neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for critically ill infants are known as neonatal nurses. Neonatal nursing is a specialized field that allows a registered nurse to train for the care of newborns during their first 28 days of life. A good number of major hospitals in the country, particularly hospitals that have NICUs, provide training programs in neonatal care for registered nurses who find their calling in the care of neonates, as these newborns are called.

Training for critically ill neonates is included in these training programs in hospitals with NICUs. Nurses who want to specialize in this area will also need considerable experience in acute care pediatrics, as well as in adult care nursing.

Neonatal nurses are healthcare professionals whose responsibilities include directly reporting to neonatologists and specialists in critically ill infant care, interacting with parents of these neonates, and make decisions as well as supervise the kind of neonate procedure and care to be undertaken at any given moment. A neonatal nurse’s supervisory capacity will depend on the NICU facility or hospital they work in.

To take on neonatal nursing, a registered nurse needs to complete a Master’s degree program, or take up continuing nursing education courses for this particular specialty. As a neonatal nurse practitioner or neonatal healthcare nurse, they will need to learn how to care for infants who are healthy, premature, have developmental problems, or are critically ill. They will also need to learn how to interact with families and how them the appropriate care for their newborns, as well as how best to deal with the situation of a critically ill or premature neonate.

Not only is the neonatal nurse supposed to care for her patients, it is given to her charge to help assuage the confusion, panic or grief of any stricken infant’s family. This spells the difference between doctors and neonatal nurses: the ability to care for infants, and spend time hearing their parents’ concerns.

Many family members often find that neonatal nurses are more approachable compared to other members of a hospital’s medical staff. Neonatal nurses, particularly in hospitals with NICUs, are always available to see and speak with parents about their concerns, particularly when their neonatologist has a high caseload and doesn’t have the time to deal with distraught family members. This is where the expertise of neonatal nursing lends a hand.